ABOUT US
BACK

We are a breeder of oriental gamefowl. Our specialty is the Thai and Pama breeds. Our farm here in western North Carolina was established in 1997, but our experience with oriental gamefowl stretches back to the late 1970s when we began raising these birds in Thailand. As any breeder will tell you, breeding and maintaining good quality stock takes a lot of hard work. By focusing most of our time and attention only on the Thai and Pama breeds, we ensure that we have devoted as much effort into caring for these birds as we should.

FACILITIES AND HOUSING
The climate in our area range from wet and cold in winter to damp, hot and humid during the summer months. These conditions require us to take extra care when it comes to our birds. Even though oriental gamefowl are generally very hardy birds, they still are from a mostly tropical and semi-tropical climate, and therefore adequate shelter during the colder winter months must be provided to ensure that the birds stay strong and healthy.

Our farm facilities are divided into a number of sections, each generally serving a single purpose. For example, the breeding section of our farm is where we house our breeding pairs and is where our breeder hens lay their eggs and hatch their chicks. Each section is made up of clusters of pens that contain the roosts for the birds and the feeding and watering stalls, and large, fenced-in yards into which the birds are let out on a rotating basis to play and forage.

The pens that house our birds are purpose-built and fall into four general categories: breeding, individual, nursery and brooding. Breeding pens are where paired breeder birds are kept. Each is equipped with a nest for the hens to lay their eggs. The hens also incubate their eggs in these pens until the eggs hatch. Individual pens are where we keep our young adult birds, or those breeder birds that are currently not being bred. Nursery pens are where we keep our newly hatched chicks and their mothers. The chicks and hens will usually stay in these pens for only about a week or two, after which they are moved to a brooding pen. Brooding pens are where we keep older chicks until they reach adulthood.

BREEDING AND STOCK SELECTION
We breed our birds in pairs as opposed to the one rooster and multiple hen arrangement favored by some breeders. This is very important in selecting future breeding stock as it allows for more accurate tracking of the parentage of our birds. This one-rooster, one-hen breeding arrangement inevitably results in a very low production of eggs, and hence the reason why we cannot sell hatching eggs or chicks.

We usually let our hens hatch their own eggs and rear their own chicks rather than use incubators and mechanical brooders. Sometimes we may foster the eggs of one hen to another hen to hatch and to raise, but this only occurs under special circumstances, such as when a hen abandons her eggs, or is known to be a bad mother or poor sitter.

As soon as the eggs hatch, the hen and chicks are moved to a nursery pen where they will remain for about two weeks. Within this time, the chicks will grow their initial wing feathers, which will help keep them warm as well as aid them in moving about. After this time, the chicks and hen are moved to a brood pen. Throughout the next several months, the chicks are let out during the day to forage and range, which helps to build muscles, increase bone strength, and improve coordination. The hen is usually removed when the chicks reach about two or three months of age, but the chicks are usually kept together until they are about six or seven months old.

FEEDING AND NUTRITION
Our birds are raised on a base diet of corn and specially formulated chicken feed. To this base diet we add other grains such as wheat, oats, millet and unhulled rice grains, when available. We also allow our birds, especially our chicks and juvenile birds, to free range and forage to allow them the opportunity to take in other food items such as grasses, leaves and insects.

OUR BIRDS
We have several different families of gaichon, but much of our current activities are focused around two primary families. All of our bird families are descended from stock that were imported directly from Thailand or Laos in the early and mid 1990s.

Laos Thai (Qaib Nplog)

Our Laos Thai family is our oldest family of birds. Throughout the nearly twenty years that we have had this family, it has continually produced the finest birds. Much of what our farm is today - and much of the progress we have made over the last two decades - can be attributed to this most important of our bird families.

The Laos Thais originated from a remarkable rooster that was brought to the United States from Laos. This rooster was specifically sought out because of the reputation of his lineage. This paternal ancestor of our Laos Thais looked very much like the black breasted red roosters that the Laos Thai family still breeds out to this day. Our Laos Thai family also has two other color patterns: white and blue breasted red. There is no difference between the three phenotypes aside from the coloration. Highly intelligent and resourceful, this family's foremost strength has always been its adaptability.

 

Pama-Thai (Qaib Pama)

Our Pama-Thai family is the result of crossing Pama with Thai Gamefowl. This family is known for its power, and regularly breed out hefty, lumbering birds that can top out at 9 lbs or more. Like most birds of Thai and Pama descent here in the United States, our Pama Thais are descended from birds imported directly from Thailand.

For at least the past three decades, the Pama breed has been highly successful in Thailand, carving out a reputation for steadfastness and skill that has made it a dominant force in the sport of gaichon. The most elite game farms in Thailand have the Pama well represented, and many of the most formidable lineages in Thailand today are Pama or Pama crosses.

TOP
© Xyooj Aviaries. xyoojaviaries@gmail.com